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This page lists a number of different types of research studies that any layman can undertake using instructions on this website, most if not all of the necessary materials such as equipment and software are either cheap and easy to obtain or freely available. Detailed instructions relating to all aspects of these studies are presented on this website from the perspective of a layman that cover the entire process of research from planning out a study, carrying it out, data analysis and interpretation of collected data to report writing and publishing in scientific media such as research journals. (Since the site is still under construction some of the pages may not be available but we will be adding them soon please bear with us). Now you can contribute towards conservation research yourself.

 

1. Biodiversity Inventory Studies -

Biodiversity inventories are lists of species found in an area. Inventories are the first step at measures to conserve biodiversity in an area, as they inform you of how many species there are in an area and what type of species are found there. This data helps establish how important the area is for biodiversity conservation. Go here for detailed instructions for undertaking biodiversity inventories.

 

2. Biodiversity Measurement Studies-

These studies differ from simple inventories by including the collection of data on the number of individuals found belonging to each species rather than just recording the species found in an area. There are a variety of indices that can be used to measure biodiversity quantitatively from this data. Although more effort is required than in a simple biodiversity inventory the value of such a study is much greater than that of a simple inventory. Information relating to relative abundance and species composition of an area also helps define the general structure and composition of a species community in an area. The data generated from these studies can be used for monitoring the long term health of the species community of an area or as an indicator of ecosystem health and functionality, or the assessment of impacts made by anthropogenic factors (i.e. factors relating to or produced by humans), such as pollution. Go here for detailed instructions for undertaking relative abundance and composition studies.

 

3. Comparison and Monitoring Studies - (coming soon)

These studies use data and procedures similar to the two categories of studies above to ascertain differences between areas in terms of their biodiversity and environmental quality or differences in the same area over time ( i.e. Whether the quality of the environment of an area is improving or getting worse). These studies are very important for identifying harmful changes that may take place in an ecosystem due to anthropogenic influence and for evaluating whether conservation measures undertaken in an area are actually succeeding. Go here for detailed instructions for undertaking comparison and monitoring studies.

 

4. Ecology Studies - (coming soon)

The term ecology is derived from the Greek word “oikos” meaning house and “logia” meaning “ the study of ”. These studies relate to the relationship between living organisms and their environment or home. More appropriately ecology can be said to be the study of the reasons why living organisms are distributed in the way they are distributed in the numbers that they are distributed in and aims at discovering relationships between organisms themselves and organisms and their environment. (under construction)